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Kerala is known not only for its natural luxuries in the form of beaches, valleys and factories but also for literacy and preservation of traditional arts and culture. Its uniqueness is seen in classical musicology and dance styles performed by folk dancers of India, colourful costumes, ballads, tribal dances, theatre, and folk art forms. Even handicrafts, carpentry and murals have preserved Kerala's skilful art form.

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Kerala has nearly fifty types of folk dance forms, each of which has its own uniqueness. Some of them are Kanniyarkali, Kaliyattom, Kolkata, Kuravarkali, Thapukkali, Thullal Pond, Purakkali, and Malakai. This dance reflects different aspects of life and emotions, which are expressed in the form of musical rhythmic movements. 

A group of practised musicians with traditional musical instruments set complex rhythms as their feet glow. Some of the well-known folk dance forms are detailed below.

Team or Kaliyattam is a very well-known dance form that includes practice days before being performed. The dance form is said to have originated in the north of the state. 

Make-up and costumes are made for the dancers, mainly the main character of the hero, called Team, a god figure. All dance forms have mythological significance and are performed as rituals in almost all temples in the village.

Kavadiyattam is another form of ritual dance that takes place at the Subramanya temple. It shows virtual dancers having scented ashes all over their bodies and carrying curved wooden hangers called kavadis, which are decorated with coloured paper. Ambalakawadi is very nicely decorated as a temple show with flowers and plastic colours. 

Idukki, Chenda and Nadaswaram are used as musical instruments. The dancers just dance to the beat, carry wooden hangers and hold a procession.

Folk Dances Of Kerala
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